Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Chicago Style Citation Guide: Basic Formatting

What is Chicago Style?

What is Chicago Style?

Chicago Style is a citation format created by the University of Chicago. It’s primarily used in History and Social Sciences, and is most well-known for its use of footnotes, that allow for more in-depth information and quicker access to citation information. It can seem like a daunting task, especially if you’ve only ever used other citation styles. Don’t worry, though, this guide will give you the basics for Chicago Style, as well as some other resources to help!

Find a copy of The Chicago Manual of Style in Shake Library, or check out Purdue OWL's online guide: 

Formatting your paper in Microsoft word

While the format of your paper may change from professor to professor, Chicago has some very basic guidelines:

  • Pages must be numbered at the top of the page.
  • Paper must be double spaced, except for block quotes, notes, citation entries, table titles, and figure captions.
  • For Block Quotes:
    • Use for 5 or more lines
    • Or 2 more more lines of poetry
    •  Starts on a new line.
    • Do not use quotation marks.

You can set page numbers by going to the Header & Footer section, located in the Insert tab. To insert, click Page Number, then choose Top of the Page, then Plain Number 3.

Ask a Librarian!

Ask A Librarian

Email Shake Library at

Call the Library Information Desk at 812-888-4165.

Meet our Staff.

Chat loading...

Cover Page

APA Cover Page

​Some professors might require a title page. To create a Title Page:

  1. Click on the Center Justify button in the Paragraph ribbon.
  2. Hit Enter button 4 TIMES to move the cursor to the appropriate line of the page.
  3. Type the full title, your name, and the name of your university.



2 ways to cite?

2 Ways to Cite?​

In Chicago Style, you have two citation options Author-Date, and Notes-Bibliography.



Author-Date is where the in-text citations are written like so:

The article… (Author Last Name, Year).

They reference entries on a Reference page at the end of the paper. Author-Date very closely resembles APA, so to learn more, click here to visit our APA Citation Guide or visit the Chicago Manual of Style Author-Date: Sample Citations.


Notes-Bibliography (NB)

NB uses numbered footnotes in the text to direct the reader to a shortened citation at the bottom of the page. This corresponds to a fuller citation on a Bibliography page at the end of the paper.

This guide will be going over how to cite in NB.

Creating Footnotes

Go to the References tab and click Insert Footnote

Type in the citation information

If you are using Google Docs, this will be located in the Insert menu.


Vincennes University

812-888-VUVU | 800-742-9198

1002 North First Street; Vincennes, Indiana 47591

Shake Library

812-888-4165 |

1002 North First Street; Vincennes, Indiana 47591

Jasper Academic Center for Excellence

812-481-5923 |

850 College Ave; Jasper, IN 47546